in an asthma attack, the muscles of the airpassages in the lungs go into spasm. this makes the airways narrower, making itdifficult to breathe. this can be triggered by an allergy, a cold,or smoke. at other times, someone may have a suddenattack with no obvious trigger. if you think someone is having an asthma attack,there are five things you may see: they may have difficulty breathing orspeaking they may be wheezingthey may be coughing a lot they may be distressed and anxiousthey may have a grey-blue tinge to the lips, their earlobes or their nailbeds.
people with asthma usually know how to deal with their own attacks by using their reliever inhaler usually with a blue cap- at the first sign of an attack. but if they donâ€™t, or if the attack is severe,you may need to help. when treating someone having an asthma attack,keep calm, reassure them and advise them to use their reliever inhaler straight away. advise them to use a spacer if they have one. ask them to breathe slowly and deeply to helpthem control their breathing. sit them down in a comfortable position. if it doesnâ€™t get better within a few minutes,it may be a severe attack.
get them to take one or two puffs of theirinhaler every two minutes, until theyâ€™ve had 10 puffs. if this is their first attack, the attackis severe, they are not getting better, they are getting worse or they are becoming exhausted,call 999/112 for emergency help. help them to continue to use their inhaleras needed. keep checking their breathing, pulse and levelof response. if they do become unresponsive at any time,treat a casualty who is unresponsive. so remember, reassure them. help them to use their reliever inhaler.
if the attack is severe call 999/112 for emergencyhelp and monitor their level of response. if they become unresponsive treat as an unresponsivecasualty. and thatâ€™s how we help someone with an asthma attack. if this video has been helpful to you, helpsupport st john ambulance by going to sja.org.uk/donate.